Citation marks

Reference numbers will be in Arabic numerals in superscript format.

e.g.  Mark Greenslade coined the word ‘procrastilaxing’ in 2011.1

Location of citation marks

The citation mark should be located after a punctuation mark.

e.g.  Young readers need correct grammar and punctuation just as much as adults do.2,3
e.g.  Rather it is important, ‘the choice now lay between ghost-writing and having it edited’,4 because everybody believed that the existing text was not good enough for publishing.

However, if there are a number of reference citations that refer to particular parts of a sentence, the citation should be placed next to the word to which it refers.

e.g.  Mime,5 Itron6 and Catheson7 maintain that the book design was excellent.

Citing the same reference

The same citation number can be used for subsequent citations of the same reference and page number. There is no need to use ibid. or op. cit., etc. and a new reference number. This procedure generates an unnecessarily long reference list.

If the same reference is cited, but with a different page number, or additional information, then a new citation number will need to be generated. For example:

4.  Hopper, T., The Difference Between Copyediting and Structural Editing, 2nd edition, Book Future Publishing Co., Logan, p. 3, 1995.
8.  Hopper, ref. 4, p. 65, Does Hopper repeat the same wrong claims in his latest edition (1998) of this book? And if not, does he acknowledge his errors publicly?

For book reviews, simply write the page number after the quotation, e.g. (p. 35), if it is from the book being reviewed.

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